Writing and practice

Writing Syllables

Every syllable is written to fit into the same imaginary square box—no matter how many characters are in the syllable. How the box is divided up depends first on the shape of the vowel. When you look at the pure vowels, you will see that they have a predominant shape. Thus we can think of them as being vertical: ㅏ ㅓ ㅣ ㅐ ㅔ, horizontal: ㅗ ㅜ ㅡ, or combined: ㅚ .

Have a look at how the vowel shapes the syllable: With vertical vowels with no end consonant, the box is divided vertically in half, with the initial consonant on the left and the vowel on the right:
가 커 이 새 테

With vertical vowels with an end consonant, the space for the initial consonant and vowel is reduced to allow room underneath for the final consonant:
강 컴 일 색 텐

With horizontal vowels with no end consonant, the box is divided in half horizontally, with the initial consonant at the top and the vowel at the bottom:
도 우 크 괴

With horizontal vowels with an end consonant, again the end consonant is placed at the bottom. The initial consonant and vowel are pushed upwards:
돈 움 클 굉


(1) 레몬 lemon
(2) 버스 bus
(3) 슈퍼마켓 supermarket
(4) 아이스크림 ice cream
(5) 앨범 album
(6) 오렌지 orange
(7) 주스 juice
(8) 카세트 cassette
(9) 캥거루 kangaroo
(10) 커피 coffee
(11) 컴퓨터 computer
(12) 택시 taxi
(13) 테니스 tennis
(14) 텔레비전 television
(15) 피아노 piano
(16) 피자 pizza
(17) 햄버거 hamburger
(18) 호텔 hotel

(1) 꼬리 tail
(2) 따라 하세요 repeat after me
(3) 바빠요 (I am) busy
(4) 짜요 (It is) salty
(5) 싸요 (It is) cheap

(1) 차 cha tea; car
(2) 차표 cha-pyo railroad (bus, streetcar) ticket
(3) 카드 ka-deu card
(4) 카메라 ka-me-ra camera
(5) 타자기 ta-ja-gi typewriter
(6) 타이어 ta-i-o tire
(7) 파도 pa-do wave
(8) 파리 pa-ri Paris

(1) 가나 ka-na Ghana (African country)
(2) 나라 na-ra country
(3) 다리 ta-ri leg; bridge
(4) 라디오 ra-di-o radio
(5) 마차 ma-cha carriage
(6) 바다 pa-da ocean
(7) 사자 sa-ja lion
(8) 자 ja ruler
(9) 하나 ha-na one
(10) 아기 a-gi baby
(11) 아내 a-nae wife
(12) 아래 a-rae under; below
(13) 아마 a-ma perhaps
(14) 아시아 a-si-a Asia
(15) 아리아 a-ri-a aria


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